GardenSeeker.com is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk. As with all weed killers this only works when things warm up so timing is between April and September. Improve the soil. Clear the area you are preparing In this article, I’m going to show you, in 9 simple steps, how to prepare the ground for turf and grass seed. This will reduce the occurrence of future weeds and weed grasses in your new lawn. I want your garden to look like it’s maintained by a professional. Once you’ve trod the area start raking again to reduce bumps and fill depressions. Landscape Grass Seed… Different types of grass seeds require different amounts of irrigation. As a result, many people skip this step. The quality of lawn you are constructing will determine how far you go with this process. Once you’ve levelled the soil, it’s time to tread it, or ‘heel it’ as some people say. For best results, give yourself a couple of months to do it. Friable is the word used to describe the result we wish to achieve; a crumbly soil that is neither great clods of clay nor a loose sandy beach! Read more. On the other hand, perennial rye seeds need water twice a day. Once you’ve cleared the area and killed any remaining weed, grass or … This may seem unnecessary hard work particularly if your next step is to dig or rotovate the area. Disclaimer: Gardenseeker is a free resource, with everything from gardening tips to product reviews. For a perfectionist will an ornamental lawn, this will not do. This is perfect for grass health and to promote excellent rooting. Knowing this will indicate how you need to improve the soil quality. Preparation. So, add a pre-seeding fertiliser to the soil. How and when to sow wildflower seed. The soil pH is very important when planting grass seed. Start off by raking the area to a reasonably smooth level. Once you prepare your seed bed and hand rake the area you can apply the grass seed starting fertilizer. Keep the soil moist. We are reader-supported: © 2020 GardenSeeker.com. For normal family and utility lawns, this step isn’t really necessary. If you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission which helps maintain the site. If you’re planting … Dig or rotavate to a depth of at least 15cm (20cm – 25cm is even better) and remove as much debris as possible – rubble, roots, stones etc. Double dig or rotovate the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cms). If you rush and make a mess of the preparation, even the best grass seed or the best turf won’t help. If your soil is heavy and clay-like, add some fine gravel to improve drainage and add compost or well-rotted organic matter to add nutrients which your soil might be deficient in. Use ground limestone or dolomitic limestone only. As such, I advise you to improve your soil if you can. On l… Like any other job, the end result is only as good as the preparation that has gone before it. Our easy to follow guide outlines the steps you may need to take to get the best results. Be careful not to … Step 2: Rotavate the Soil. Watering will also settle the ground so if you haven’t heeled it properly it gives you an opportunity to correct it before seeding or turfing. Good Preparation Good preparation will get you great results. Sowing seed into a well-prepared seed bed will improve seed germination times and help to ensure more even establishment over the whole area. All Rights Reserved. Lawnsmith Ltd. All rights reserved. Use a rake to break it … Your fertiliser should be incorporated at the end of this stage. The finer the soil is, the better contact it will have with the turf when you lay it or the grass seed when you sow it. It is recommended for fast germination and establishment grass seed needs warm soil, around 6-8 degrees Celsius, which means air temperature is around 10 degrees Celsius and plenty of moisture. Puddles form in low spots so these are the areas that need attention. The final step is to build up some moisture in the soil if things are dry. Do not use residual weedkiller, as it can remain in the soil and will prevent the grass from germinating. This step isn’t strictly necessary if you’re laying a family or utility lawn. As if I was there doing it all for you! The Best Time of Year For Preparing Ground For Turf or Grass Seed, How to Prepare the Ground For Turf or Grass Seed, Step-by-Step, Step 1: Remove Old Turf, Plants and Weeds, Step 3: Decide Whether You Need a Soil Improver, Pruning Amelanchier – The Serviceberry Or Juneberry, Pruning Azaleas & Rhododendrons – When & How To Prune & Dead Head, Pruning Acers – How & When To Prune Japanese Maples, Pruning Mock Orange – Philadelphus – How And When To Prune, Pruning Hydrangeas Macrophylla – Mopheads & Lacecaps. What do you do to prepare it for overseeding with a wildflower seed mix? Do this with either a gardening fork, spade or mechanical rotavator. A 100% wildflower seed mix at 1.5 gram. TREADING: Next comes the old fashioned art of ‘treading’ or ‘heeling’ the soil surface. The flatter you can make the area, the better your lawn will look when it’s laid. Holiday delivery and Covid Information. For clay soils, mix … Conversely, sandy soils may well need some moisture to maintain the texture. I'm a professional gardener with degrees in Horticulture & Landscape Gardening. Spray the area with a Glyphosate-based weed killer. And if perfection is your goal then consider bringing in double screened (1/4” sieved) sandy loam topsoil for the top few inches. These may include: Caution: Sand or sandy loams mixed into very heavy sticky clay soils can set like concrete so if you are trying to amend a heavy clay soil it is best to remove it and replace it with an appropriate sandy loam down to a depth of at least six inches preferably a foot. We supply grass seed for lawns, landscaping, paddocks, sports and agriculture, plus a range of fertiliser, spreaders and wildflowers, all at great value prices. You can sow Lawn UK lawn seed mixtures at any time from late March to mid-October providing that in periods of unusually dry weather the seedbed is kept constantly moist until the grass is about 6cm (2.5 inches) high. Grass seed is generally rather sensitive to temperature, so choosing the right time of year to plant it is important. It’s important to get the chemical nutrients into the soil before laying turf or sowing grass seed. If you’re a perfectionist and not in a rush, leave the soil open to the elements and let it settle for a period of 2-4 weeks. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When adding lime do so as evenly as possible otherwise you will have different pH values and therefore different growth properties throughout the lawn. Most grass seeds are applied at a rate of 5lbs per 1,000 square feet but look on the bag of seed or speak to your seed dealer for application rates. Whatever type of wildflower seed you sow the key to success is in the preparation. I use Rolawn’s GroRight Lawn Establishment Fertiliser. Keep the soil damp at all times, but never provide sufficient water to wash away the grass seeds. You need to tread every square inch of the prepared area so make sure you’ve got plenty of Radox because you’ll need a good soak afterwards! Wait for 2-3 weeks until the whole area has died off and gone brown before removing the old lawn, plants or weeds with a spade or turf cutter. Most plants prefer a neutral soil, meaning on a scale from 1 to 14, the pH will have to be around 7. If you’ve dug or rotovated the area, use a landscaping rake to break down any large lumps and create a tilth that looks a bit like the top of an apple crumble. Germination may be slightly slower in spring. However, if you like to do a job well, it’s worth taking the extra time. You should remove every last piece of plant material from the area. 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