Another variation to a denial-of-service attack is known as a “Distributed Denial of Service” (DDoS) attack wherein a number of geographically widespread perpetrators flood the network traffic. Some of the most famous computer geniuses were once hackers who went on to use their skills for constructive technological development. It involves flooding a computer resource with more requests than it can handle consuming its available bandwidth which results in server overload. Viruses are computer programs that attach themselves to or infect a system or files, and have a tendency to circulate to other computers on a network. Any other cyber-crime that we’ve already read about, if done with an intention to threaten, harass, or slander the victim may amount to cyber stalking. Nowadays, all digital devices (including computers, tablets, and smartphones) are connected to the internet. A site may temporarily malfunction or crash completely, in any case resulting in inability of the system to communicate adequately. Triggers associated with the execution of logic bombs can be a specific date and time, a missing entry from a database or not putting in a command at the usual time, meaning the person doesn’t work there anymore. Unsolicited email is the most common way of threatening someone, and the stalker may even send obscene content and viruses by email. Driver’s License Fraud. Internet sales fraud (selling fake items) 6. Unsolicited email is the most common way of threatening someone, and the stalker may even send obscene content and viruses by email. Sometimes a tiny padlock icon appears on the left screen corner of the address bar on your browser which provides a higher level of security for data transmission. This a technique of extracting confidential information such as credit card numbers and username password combos by masquerading as a legitimate enterprise. Your computer can also contract viruses from sinister email attachments, rogue web sites or infected software. You won’t know a thing until the credit card people track you down and tail you until you clear all your dues. Through identity theft, criminals can steal money. Several different types of computer viruses are common these days meant to harm the computer and destroy critical data. Learn the warning signs and prevention tips for 41 different types of fraud, including data theft, asset misappropriation, payroll fraud & more. With the “check-ins”, the “life-events”, apps which access your personal information and the need to put up just about everything that you’re doing and where you’re doing it, one doesn’t really leave anything for the stalkers to figure out for themselves. Internet stalking is not limited to email; stalkers can more comprehensively use the internet to harass the victims. The availability of free email / web site space and the anonymity provided by chat rooms and forums has contributed to the increase of cyber stalking incidents. With the increased use of social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and YouTube, your profile, photos, and status updates are up for the world to see. This widespread illegal activity has made everyone conscious of their privacy and security while using their computers. Piracy is rampant in India, but you knew that. accessibility of computer resources. Often people forget to collect their copy of the credit card receipt after eating at restaurants or elsewhere when they pay by credit card. “Cloning” is another threat. The takeaway for clients is that the (global) variety of fraud types creates significant exposure for business operations. Online shopping frauds. When you enter logon information into sign-in fields, this information is typically converted to an SQL command. With rising cases of credit card fraud, many financial institutions have stepped in with software solutions to monitor your credit and guard your identity. The computer user then is made to believe and sends money to the thief when the thief could be in another country. They also try and modify systems so hat they can execute tasks at their whims. In this section, we discuss a few common tools and techniques employed by the cyber criminals. The most common case of credit card fraud is your pre-approved card falling into someone else’s hands. You’ve probably received email containing links to legitimate appearing websites. Insurance fraud (claiming more than what is really needed) 3. FTP password hacking takes advantage of the fact that many webmasters store their website login information on their poorly protected PCs. If you want to protect your PC from malicious hackers, investing in a good firewall should be first and foremost. With only this information, someone can make purchases online or by phone. Internet stalking is not limited to email; stalkers can more comprehensively use the internet to harass the victims. Using this technique, the attacker may modify the expected output and is difficult to track. Opening links given in spam mails may lead you to phishing web sites hosting malware. Healthcare Fraud. A large amount of spam is sent to invalid email addresses. A logic bomb, also known as “slag code”, is a malicious piece of code which is intentionally inserted into software to execute a malicious task when triggered by a specific event. However, according to the Indian Constitution, largely, pornography falls under the category of obscenity and is punishable by law. If an unusually large transaction is made, the issuer may even call you to verify. Internet crimes either use computers or attack computers. The internet is a huge breeding ground for pornography, which has often been subject to censorship on grounds of obscenity. Crooked employees clearly favor misappropriating the They might trick you by threatening that your security has been compromised. Using malware or computer intrusion techniques, cybercriminals steal personally identifiable information to assume someone else’s identity. Most calculations are carried out in a particular currency are rounded off up to the nearest number about half the time and down the rest of the time. Types of computer fraud. Here are the 9 types of fraud you need to watch out for: Mail Fraud. Even though there are only two major types of fraud, there are many different subtypes. “Trojan horses” are different from viruses in their manner of propagation. Using spyware to gather information about people. It’s not always altruistic, though, because many do this for fame as well, in order to land jobs with top companies, or just to be termed as security experts. The viral program may also be executed before any other program is run. Stealing money electronically is the most common use of the salami slicing technique, but it’s not restricted to money laundering. Charities fraud (charities that never send the money to the people they claim to help) 8. They gain unauthorised control of the victim’s computer by exploiting the working of the internet and the Windows operating system. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. There are many types of cyber crimes and the most common ones are explained below: Hacking: This is a type of crime wherein a person’s computer is broken into so that his personal or sensitive information can be accessed. Computer fraud is growing fast and evolving as well every day. Elder Fraud. Some websites sell software with a “digital fingerprint” that helps in tracing back the pirated copies to the source. The more technologically advanced stalkers apply their computer skills to assist them with the crime. It’s not just about using someone else’s intellectual property illegally but also passing it on to your friends further reducing the revenue they deserve. Based on this, there are two categories of viruses: 1) Those that only disseminate and don’t cause intentional damage. The essence of this method is the failure to detect the misappropriation. It can be used to attack any type of unprotected or improperly protected SQL database. They’re usually technology buffs who have expert-level skills in one particular software program or language. Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson, the creators of the UNIX operating system (Linux’s predecessor), were two of them. 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