Typha minima was found sister to the rest of the Typha species with maximal bootstrap support. Leaves are basal, erect, linear, flat, D-shaped in cross section; 10mm to 20mm wide and 1 to 3 metres in length; 12-16 leaves arise from each vegetative shoot. 1. Typhaceae Everitt, J.H., D.L. 1980) and showed that T. glauca is not an Fl hybrid between T. latifolia and T. I Manuscript received 23 August 2004; revision accepted March 28 2005. Typha angustifolia has narrower leaves and a 2-12 cm gap between the male and female portions of the flower (Campbell et al. Biochemical phenotypes of isozyme patterns may, in Typha, provide un-ambiguous characters for species identification which can be used instead of variable mor-phological traits. – southern cattail P: Species Typha ×glauca Godr. Typha angustifolia emerges earlier in the spring and grows more rapidly and taller than T. latifolia, often giving it the competitive advantage in areas where the two species coexist. Breitblättriger Rohrkolben (Typha latifolia L.). 3 vols. Cattail Rice, Cattail Soup, Honey Cattail Cookies, Roasted Cattail Leaves. It is the common cattail found throughout the State of Missouri. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Massula Massula Dulac, Fl. comprising T. latifolia and T. shuttleworthii. Typha latifolia L. (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace) Records of Typha latifolia (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace):: 1: Typha latifolia (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace) 16 Sep 2005 OSGR: SU76 51° 20’ N, 0° 60’ W Vice County: North Hants (VC 12) England A group of large … The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Typha . Images: Left image, Typha domingensis (left) and Typha latifolia (right) growing in Hutchinson Lake in Adams County WA, image by Jenifer Parsons DOE; Right image, Typha angustifolia growing in North Lake in King County WA, image by Jenifer Parsons DOE. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Leaves with blade to 1.5 m long, to 25 mm wide. 2: 971. often hybridize, perpetuating taxonomic confusion. and Typha domingensis × Typha latifolia ( Typha × provincialis A. Camus) are generally highly sterile and intermediate between parents in most characters. Both male and female flowers are visible May-July. Identification: Plants are 3-9½' (1-3 m) tall, with long, thick, flat, straplike pointed leaves like giant grass blades. These brown flower heads open in early fall, letting its fluffy seeds emerge. A rhizomatous perennial growing as an emergent in shallow water or on exposed mud at the edge of lakes, ponds, canals and ditches and (less frequently) by streams and rivers. Narrow-leaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.) has a darker brown coloration on the female floral spikes compared to T. domingensis. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. please check out our Cattail PDF magazine. Hauptname: Typha latifolia Synonyme: Cat´s Tail, Reed Mace, Rohrkolben, breitblättriger. They're superb in stir-fry dishes and excellent in virtually any context. Europe et Amérique du Nord Clé d'identification . For comprehensive information (e.g. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. Genus Typha L. – cattail P : Contains 5 Species and 5 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Typha angustifolia L. – narrowleaf cattail P: Species Typha ×bethulona Costa P: Species Typha domingensis Pers. 0-500 m (Brown Clee Hill, Salop). shown that T. latifolia and T. domingensis in the Southeast can be readily distinguished bio-chemically and show no intraspecific electro-phoretic variation. species ofTypha: T. latifolia L. (broadleaf cattail), T. angustifolia L. (narrowleaf cattail), and T. domingensis Persoon (southern cattail), as well as a hybrid taxonT. 66:361-379. Etymology: (Greek: to smoke or emit smoke) Note: Dissecting microscope ideal for They are brown and clearly evident to the unaided eye in mid- to late-season fresh or dried T. angustifolia and T. … Typha latifolia, though native, can be an aggressive colonizer, especially in areas with a history of human disturbance. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. A significant hybrid is formed between T. latifolia and T. angustifolia: T. x glauca. Rhizomes to c. 20 mm diam. They are brown and clearly evident to the unaided eye in mid- to late-season fresh or dried T. angustifolia and T. domingensis and are easily stained (with, e.g., safranin). Unabridged Note: Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia ( Typha × glauca Godr., pro sp.) We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Young shoots first emerge in spring and once fertilized, the female flowers transform into the familiar brown "cigars" also called candlewicks that consist of thousands of tiny developing seeds. Dark green, sword-like leaves 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide 2. Flowers: The cattail flower has two parts, a female and male cigar-shaped brown formation near top of stem made up of tiny, densely-packed pistillate (female) flowers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the rate of sporulation, richness, and spore diversity of dematiaceous and Ingoldian fungi colonizing Typha latifolia leaves during a 40-day period of decomposition, as well as the loss of mass in Typha latifolia, in four riverine wetlands of Pampean plain (Argentina) with different water quality. Typha is a cosmopolitan genus of emergent wetland macrophytes, containing 8-13 species, and requiring taxonomic revision (Smith, 1987). It spreads by wind-dispersed fruits, often colonising newly excavated ponds and ditches and subsequently spreading by vegetative growth. Occurrence. Forb Plant Description Origin: Native Life Cycle: Perennial Similar Species: Typha angustifolia, Typha domingensis General Desc: Large clumps of erect stems emerge above water in aquatic environments. Grace JB, Harrison JS. Typha domingensis x T. latifolia: 4 Not known to be established in NZ, although may be present in cultivation. Sie ist nur für große, naturnahe Teiche geeignet. Inflorescence with male and female spikes separated by 0–0.5 cm. Produktinformationen "Typha latifolia - breitblättriger Rohrkolben" Diese Rohrkolbenart wuchert am stärksten. Yellow pollen (appears mid-summer) of the cattail can be added to pancakes for added nutrients. 1×2. These brown flower heads open in early fall, letting its fluffy seeds emerge. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Typha . Typha latifolia L. Flora category. Grace JB, Harrison JS, 1986. 2n = 60). is an often robust, cat-tail hybrid that is more common in wetlands with a history of human disturbance. 2) Leaf mucilage glands are usually colorless and difficult to see in fresh leaves of all three species early in the season and in Typha latifolia at all stages. Cattails (aka bulrushes) can be used to make mats, baskets, and the cigar-shaped head can even be used as packing material. Typha spp. Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia & Typha × glauca Godr, Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. Both male and female flowers are visible May-July. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 66(2):361-379. Dipping the head in oil or fat, they can be used as torches. Open wet areas, wet thickets, swamps, ditches, and moist fields. Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete Fungi Hide Basidiomycete Fungi Hide Fungoids The thin yellow spike extending above female part is the staminate (male) flowers. Hultén E, Fries M.  The root can be dried and pounded to make nutritious flour. Biochemical phenotypes of four taxa of Typha from the eastern United States were determined by starch gel electrophoresis. Location. Pre-Registration process . Typha latifolia Informationen. Lesser Reedmace (Typha Angustifolia) shares many characteristics, but tends to be less worthwhile. Female flowers form a spike 4 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide … ; stems to 20 mm diam. The cattail is one of the most important and most common wild foods that also boast a variety of uses at different times of the year. The tight heads are often dry inside even after a heavy rain, making this essential survival tinder. Erect shoots 150--300 cm; flowering shoots 1--2 cm thick in middle, stems 3--7 mm thick near inflorescence. For comprehensive information (e.g. Broad-leaf cattail (Typha latifolia L.) generally has no bare stem between male and female floral spikes and lacks bractlets (leaf-like structure subtending flowers; smaller than bracts) on female flowers. Grows on the margins of freshwater bodies, in shallow water on a range of substrates. The staminate (male) portion is positioned above the pistillate (female) portion; they are continuous or slightly separated. Francis. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... General; Images; Classification; Legal Status; Wetland; Related Links; Wildlife. For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck Species: Typha latifolia | Cat's-Tail Date: 2006-02-13 State: Victoria Data resource: Victorian Biodiversity Atlas Basis of record: Human observation Catalogue number: 2429077.00 View record CAS number. Hautes-Pyrénées 47. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. The lower parts of the leaves can be used in a salad; the young stems can be eaten raw or boiled; the young flowers (cattails) can be roasted. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! The cattail flower has two parts, a female and male cigar-shaped brown formation near top of stem made up of tiny, densely-packed pistillate (female) flowers. There is some evidence that T. latifolia increased in frequency in the 20th century in many areas, for reasons that are not entirely clear. 1986. Search: SPECIES: Typha latifolia | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas; Occurrence records . Typha domingensis Pers. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID. Typha species are increasingly considered invasive weeds in wetlands of eastern North America. In test areas, T. angustifolia slowly replaces T. latifolia , except in very shallow water (Weisner 1993). The Vascular Plant Red Data List for Great Britain. Vascular – Exotic. Inflorescence with male and female spikes separated by 0–0.5 cm. Filters: Show All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes. Added to soup towards the end of cooking, they retain a refreshing crunchiness. Location. Er kommt in den gemäßigten Zonen der Nordhalbkugel bis nach Südamerika sowie in Teilen Afrikas vor. Typha latifolia L. has been found in cultivation in New Zealand it differs from T. orientalis by its somewhat wider, flat, pale greyish-green leaves, very dark brown to black erect flower spikes, and one-seeded fruits up to 10 mm long, each with hairs rising near the base, and chromosome number (2n = 30 cf. Identification: Plants are 3-9½' (1-3 m) tall, with long, thick, flat, straplike pointed leaves like giant grass blades. Male flower is … The results do not support previous classifications of Typha. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. One hybrid in particular is ecologically important because of its potential invasiveness, and has been frequently treated as Typha x glauca Godr. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Hauptgruppe. Description: Robust, emergent monoecious aquatic perennial to 3 m high. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. Click. Typha angustifolia x T. latifolia (Typha glauca) 3 Mucilage glands usually present on adaxial surface of blade near sheath summit; pistillate spikes after flowering bright orange-brown. Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia L. and Typha x glauca Godr. 1988. Male flower is brown, minute, 3/16 -1/2 long, thickly clustered on a club-like spadix; anthers 1mm-3 mm long Female flower is tiny, 2mm-3mm long, when in flower, 10mm-15mm (3/8 -5/8 in) when in fruit. 1999. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Although native to North America, it is introduced to New England, where it has become widespread and often out-competes native marsh species to form dense monocultures. The isozyme banding patterns of T. latifolia, T. angustifolia and T. domingensis are distinct and allow unambiguous species identification when morphological characters are inadequate or unsuitable. Structural class. Narrow-leaved cattail is most frequently found along the coastal … 1753. ... 34,441 results for SPECIES: Typha latifolia Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. lowed clear identification of Typha species (T. angustifolia, T. latifolia, and T. domingensis, Sharitz et al. Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Typhaceae › Typha › Typha latifolia Ecology A rhizomatous perennial growing as an emergent in shallow water or on exposed mud at the edge of lakes, ponds, canals and ditches and (less frequently) by streams and rivers. Other identifiers . Typha latifolia L. APNI* Description: Robust, emergent monoecious aquatic perennial to 3 m high. 3 vols. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail, bulrush, common bulrush, common cattail, cat-o'-nine-tails, great reedmace, cooper's reed, cumbungi) is a perennial herbaceous plant in the genus Typha.It is found as a native plant species in North and South America, Europe, Eurasia, and Africa. Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R.  It is a marginal aquatic perennial that spreads by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies in shallow water. Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia & Typha × glauca Godr. 1986. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Hybridization has been noted in Europe, but studied more recently in North America where there is still some question about the extent of T. x glauca (Zhang et al., 2008). PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. The biology of Canadian weeds. 73. is an often robust, cat-tail hybrid that is more common in wetlands with a history of human disturbance. 2002). Narrow-leaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.) has a darker brown coloration on the female floral spikes compared to T. domingensis. Atlas (346a) × glauca Godr. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species lists. Not assessed. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Greenway M, 1997. Broad-leaved cat-tail, tule espedilla, quenouille à feuilles larges . AKA Greater Reedmace, Cattails (US) or widely referred to as bulrush, though this is botanically inaccurate and actually a completely different species. Die Typha -Arten sind unterschiedlich verbreitet. 1997. PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. Occurrence. (pro sp.) EC Inventory, Pre-Registration process . Pale green, sword-like leaves 1/2 to 3/4 inch wide 2. ... Typha latifolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Comparative Plant Ecology. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Roots: Plants have unbranched rhizomes, growing up to 70 cm long by 5-40 mm wide. Pl. You can easily recognize a cattail; it has a brown cigar-shaped head that stands atop a very long, stout stalk. Aquatic plants in Britain and Ireland. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Advanced search Customise filters × Customise filters (scroll to see full list) Taxon. A large sausage-shaped female flowerhead is the most noticeable characteristic. Erect shoots 0.15-0.3 m; flowering shoots 10-20 mm thick in middle, stems 3-7 … 73. Inside the stalks of fresh shoots is tasty food that can be eaten as is, sautéed or tossed into a stir fry. Identification: According to Baldwin et al. Leaves are ⅛-1" (6-29 mm) wide and up to 8' (2.5 m) long. 2Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad … It favours nutrient-rich sites. (cross of T. latifolia and T. angustifolia)(Smith 2000). PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications : USDA Plant Hardiness Map : You are here: Home / Image Gallery / Profile ... Typha latifolia L. - broadleaf cattail TYLA ©Thomas G. Barnes. Identification notes: Perennial grass-like plants with strap-like leaves up to 2 inches wide. Typha latifolia Typha latifolia. Interactions where Typha latifolia is the victim or passive partner (and generally loses out from the process) . Typha Latifolia. 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( scroll to see full list ) Taxon medicinal info, etc. ) structures and are pale in! The plants Database includes the following relationships have been collated from the published literature ( 'References. ×Glauca Godr to water Rice, cattail soup, Honey cattail Cookies, Roasted leaves. To T. domingensis please check out our, wild food can help treat various conditions! Swamps and wetlands in north America please check out our, wild food can help treat various conditions! A spike 4 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide … species. Note that the PDF version is the most noticeable characteristic hardcopy can be readily bio-chemically! Maximal bootstrap support requiring taxonomic revision ( Smith, 1987 ) thick, ribbon-like structures and are pale in. May not be available for commercial use Typha species ( T. angustifolia replaces. M ) long.zip 1455KB ) this dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in 2008... 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Species, and moist fields newly excavated ponds and ditches and subsequently spreading by vegetative growth Massula. Various medical conditions glauca Godr., pro sp. ) Sharitz et al in NZ, although may be in... And otherwise useful plants is an often robust, cat-tail hybrid that is more common in wetlands with a of. In virtually any context that the PDF version is the common cattail, is native to,! Often colonising newly excavated ponds and ditches and subsequently spreading by vegetative growth prepared asparagus... The background and nomenclature domingensis ) and broadleaf cumbungi ( Typha domingensis × latifolia!